(Holding councils of war or holding assemblies) The Iliad is the story of the battle of Troy, in which Greek heroes fight and die, with much interference from the various gods and goddesses. However, as the ships were ready to set sail, Agamemnons army infuriated the goddess Artemis, who sent a number of misfortunes against them. Throughout recorded history, man has sought explanations for the various phenomena that occur in every facet of nature, and when no obvious answer is forthcoming, still a theory is often proposed. After the end of the war, Agamemnon returned home, where Clytemnestra had started an affair with Aegisthus. His brother was Menelaus, who was married to Helen, the main characters that participated in the events leading to the Trojan War. Ethan Medley Why is Andromache called the "precious... Why does Achilles refuse to fight for the Greeks when Agamemnon takes Briseis? The most effective way for important leaders, Human Mythology 130 Then steps Agamemnon forth, antistrophe 4 … AP Lit & Comp 6th hour Later, the prince of Troy, Paris, assisted by Aphrodite, abducted Helen, Menelaus’ wife, and went back to Troy. Honor is very important to many, and this is proven to be very true in The Iliad. On the brink of the Trojan War, Agamemnon, one of the leaders of the Achaeans, angered the goddess Artemis after killing a sacred deer. Preparing to depart from Aulis, a port in Boeotia, Agamemnon's army incurred the wrath of the goddess Artemis. The episode was related at length in the lost Cypria, of the Epic Cycle. Calchas explained that the god Apollo was angry for Agamemnon had taken his priest’s daughter, and refused the ransom for her return. Achilles is the main character in Homer’s The Iliad translated by Robert Fagles. By ascribing that which he does not understand to the gods’ will at work, man avoids facing up to his own lack. (1.119-122) Orestes, Agamemnon’s son, later avenged his father’s death by killing the two lovers; however, this caused the wrath of the Erinyes, because he committed matricide. Calchas, in Greek mythology, the son of Thestor (a priest of Apollo) and the most famous soothsayer among the Greeks at the time of the Trojan War. Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. In Greek mythology, Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae or Argos (different names of the same region), son of King Atreus and Queen Aerope. The idea of kleos otherwise known as glory in Greek, and honor is one of the most essential motifs of the Iliad. Achilles remains fiercely devoted to those who love him but devotedly vicious to those who do him harm; he sees no shades of gray. The Trojan War takes a toll on the people of the two cities, leading to numerous poor decisions made among the soldiers. So he declared and sat down. Both feature a conflict over a woman, Helen and Chryses’ daughter, and a need for resolution as well as a breach of social contract: 1 Throughout Homer’s epic poem, The Iliad, many techniques are used to compare characters and emphasize the importance of leadership and honorability. Misfortunes, including a plagueand a lack o… Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. Agamemnon and Menelaus found refuge in Sparta, in the court of King Tyndareus, and they later married Tyndareus’ daughters, Clytemnestra and Helen respectively. Achilles' rage is a major catalyst in the action in the Iliad. But among them rose The fighting son of Atreus, lord of the far-flung kingdoms, Agamemnon-furious, his dark heart filled to the brim, Blazing with anger now, his eye like a searing fire. In Iliad Book 1, what do we learn about Agamemnon from the opening scene of Iliad? Homer uses a number of different literary devices to illustrate Achilles’ character development, `Rage--Goddess, sing the rage of Peleus' son Achilles' His ability was a gift by the oracular god Apollo. Two of the main characters in The Iliad, Achilles and Hector, show how honor can be earned and lost. Significant Myths and Structure of the Text, Why is Agamemnon so stubborn in Iliad Book 1. Agamemnon agreed to help his brother to take her back and declared war on Troy. In the end, she was sacrificed; however, there are alternatives to this part as well. So Agamemnon reacts in fury -- he does not think that being dishonored in this way will be good for his reputation or his power as leader of the Achaeans. Though he fears retribution from Agamemnon, Calchas reveals the plague as a vengeful and strategic move by Chryses and Apollo. Mention three things that would make a woman precious. In Greek mythology, Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae or Argos (different names of the same region), son of King Atreus and Queen Aerope. After Tyndareus’ death, Menelaus became king, while Agamemnon managed to retake the throne of Mycenae, exiling Aegisthus and his father. Every great war in history has been determined, to some extent, by the powerful strategies executed by one party of the war. Mr. Brakke They were the parents of Achilles. The parents of Agamemnon were Atreus and Aerope. Throughout the course of this book we can see how. In ancient Greece, a hero is any human descended from the gods and bequeathed with superhuman abilities. He played an important role in the quarrel between Achilles and Agamemnon that begins Homer’s Iliad. In the opening of the Iliad, The Achaean troops found themselves conflicted with a plague. In my opinion, Agamemnon is quick to "freak out" about Calchas's prophecy because it offends his honor. Is it love of... From the conversation between Hector and Andromache in the Iliad, choose details which show great... Why is Andromache called Hector's "precious wife"? In the Greek society of this time, a warrior's honor was more important to him than his life. This part of the myth has different versions, as to whethe… For many, Glory earned in battle was more important than one’s life. Till Calchas recalls Artemis the eagles and the leverets till he tells the generals there's another way. This description is also important because this anger over pride is key part of the Iliad and the helps us understand the actions of not only Agamemnon, but other characters as well. Both Achilles and Agamemnon’s pride comes from the idea of “Kleos” or eternal glory. The problem in Agamemnon's mind is that his prize is being taken away from him. When Agamemnon and Menelaus were still young, they were forced to flee Mycenae, as their cousin Aegisthus forcibly took possession of the throne, an act that culminated after a long-time clash between their fathers. The two of them plotted against Agamemnon and killed him, thus Aegisthus becoming the ruler of Mycenae again. The first book of the Iliad begins with the beginning of Achilles’ rage, the rage that will eventually cause his own people so much grief and is also the force for Homer’s version of the story of the Trojan War. Calchas also explains that the priest’s daughter (Chryseis) must be returned, bringing Agamemnon great dislike for the prophet’s words. See Also: Clytemnestra, Aerope, Atreus, Menelaus, Helen, Aegisthus, Orestes, Electra, Iphigenia, Paris, Trojan War, Artemis, Erinyes. The prophet Calchas realised that Artemis’ fury would only be appeased by the sacrifice of Agamemnon’s daughter Iphigenia. Agamemnon agreed to help his brother to take her back and declared war on Troy. His words rush on the Atreids his cure's worse than the weather-curse 200 they stamp their war-staves, hide wet eyes, howl, pray. Why is Achilles enraged? Calchas was a seer in Greek mythology, son of Thestor, able to see future events based on how the birds flew. He also states that Troy will be sacked on the tenth year of the war. In the Greek society of this time, a warrior's honor was more important to him than his life. 2 November 2012 By this definition, Achilles is immediately classified as a hero, no matter his actions.   This part of the myth has different versions, as to whether Iphigenia accepted her fate or she was tricked thinking she would be married to Achilles. These “strategies”, most of the time, are not the brainchild of one individual, but more or less a group of people collaborating toward one strategy effective enough to turn the tides of battle. This shows Agamemnon’s reaction to the situation was in anger. The story ends when Achilles gives Hector’s body back to King Priam and Hector is buried. Calchas, a powerful seer, stands up and offers his services. Explain Agamemnon's participation in Homer's the Iliad. So when Agamemnon feels he is being dishonored, he is quick to react. Calchas explained that the god Apollo was angry for Agamemnon had taken his priest’s daughter, and refused the ransom for her return. Agamemnon also differs from Achilles in his appreciation of subtlety. Is his rage ignited solely by his human adversaries or do the gods destine him to the experience? Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. Whereas the taking of Helen is the focus of the larger, traditional story, the feud between Agamemnon and the hero Achilles over a kidnapped girl defines the Iliad. Some sources say that she was sacrificed, while in others, Artemis replaced her with a deer and took her to the region of Tauris in the Crimean Peninsula. Agamemnon never found out.