The Civil War that raged across the nation from 1861 to 1865 was the violent conclusion to decades of diversification. Historians commonly refer to the collection as the Official Records. Union brigades were given numeric designations (1st, 2nd, etc. The National Park Service occasionally uses the Southern names for its battlefield parks located in the South, such as Manassas and Shiloh. Today, we want to go over just some of the basics related to the conflict between the North and the South. The official US war records refer to the war as the "War of the Rebellion." If anything, his choice of the term in regard to the Civil War has more to do with the Industrial Revolution and its profound effects. In fact an overwhelming majority of immigrants, seven out of every eight, settled in the North rather than the South. Tensions were approaching the breaking point. [13] Their usage demonstrates the generality of the term's use. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Second American Civil War#The 1861–1865 war as Second American Civil War,, North Carolina War Between the States 150 years, The History of the Rise and Fall of the Slave Power in America, The Confederate States of America, 1861–1865, Rep. Paul Broun Compares Health Care Reform To ‘The Great War Of Yankee Aggression’, Dictionary of Politics: Selected American and Foreign Political and Legal Terms, An American glossary: being an attempt to illustrate certain Americanisms upon historical principles, An Unspeakable Crime: The Prosecution and Persecution of Leo Frank, "Civil War Records: A War by Any Other Name", Declaration of Causes of the Seceding States,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. All of the 13 colonies were allowing slavery, but in the South, it was more common. The term is still used by the Sons of Confederate Veterans organization but with the intent to represent the Confederacy's cause positively. By 1860, one quarter of all Northerners lived in urban areas. Also, in 1860, the South's agricultural economy was beginning to stall while the Northern manufacturers were experiencing a boom. During and immediately after the war, Northern historians often used the terms "War of the Rebellion" and "Great Rebellion", and the Confederate term was "War for Southern Independence", which regained some currency in the 20th century but has again fallen out of use. There is a disparity between the sides in naming some of the battles of the war. Union artillery batteries were generally named numerically and Confederate batteries by the name of the town or county in which they were recruited (Fluvanna Artillery). Northern children were slightly more prone to attend school than Southern children. ), but Confederate brigades were frequently named after their commanding general (Hood's Brigade, Gordon's Brigade). However, not all of the disparities are based on those naming conventions. The name "War Between the States" is inscribed on the USMC War Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery. In 1898, the United Confederate Veterans formally endorsed the name. Many modern accounts of Civil War battles use the names established by the North. The name "War of Northern Aggression" has been used to indicate the Union as the belligerent party in the war. [20], Some Southern Unionists and northerners used "The War for the Union," the title of a December 1861 lecture by the abolitionist leader Wendell Phillips. The names "Civil War" and "War Between the States" have been used jointly in some formal contexts. In fact, an engineer was six times as likely to be from the North as from the South. Franklin D. Roosevelt referred to the Civil War as "the four-year War Between the States. As adults, Southern men tended to belong to the Democratic political party and gravitated toward military careers as well as agriculture. To this day some patriotic Southerners wince at the term, Civil War. "[12] References to the "War Between the States" appear occasionally in federal and state court documents, including in Justice Harry Blackmun's landmark opinion in Roe v.