Text of the historical plaque above Round Valley, California, A typical view from the highway near Covelo, California. The total land area, including off-reservation trust land, is 93.939 km² (36.270 sq mi). Such drives took place in all weather and seasons, and the elderly and sick often did not survive. The population density was 164.9 people per square mile (63.6/km2). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Covelo has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps. The land was put back into trust status and trust land could not be used as security. There were 542 housing units at an average density of 75.9 per square mile, of the occupied units 314 (65.3%) were owner-occupied and 167 (34.7%) were rented. The Round Valley Indian Reservation is a federally recognized Indian reservation lying primarily in northern Mendocino County, California, United States. They were forced onto this remnant of the land formerly occupied by the Yuki tribe. Copyright © 2012-2020 by Gregory Haynes. Know your garden. 26.0% of households were one person and 7.5% were one person aged 65 or older. [3] However, there is no village in Switzerland by that name. The age distribution was 339 people (27.0%) under the age of 18, 105 people (8.4%) aged 18 to 24, 320 people (25.5%) aged 25 to 44, 299 people (23.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 192 people (15.3%) who were 65 or older. This could be a good time. The age distribution was 28.9% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% 65 or older. None of the locals knew quite what to do about this new breed that was neither fish nor fowl. However, in 1920, allotees were allowed to "fee patent" their land: to receive a deed to it by giving up its trust status and accompanying benefits, such as freedom from taxation. Covelo is located at 39°47′35″N 123°14′53″W / 39.79306°N 123.24806°W / 39.79306; -123.24806.[2]. The total resident population as of the 2000 census was 300 persons, of whom 99 lived in Covelo. Hippies were supposed to be lazy, but these kids worked harder than anyone else in the valley. Now, unfortunately a new invasion is taking place. The Round Valley Indians consists of the Covelo Indian Community. Covelo began in 1860, with the opening of the town's first store. The IRA repealed the Allotment Act and Indians on the Reservation were deprived of the legal ability to buy and sell land, hold deeds and to take out loans. [5] Covelo may be a misspelling of Covolo, a fort in Pederobba, Veneto, Italy, which is near Switzerland. In 1934, the United States Congress passed the Indian Reorganization Act. The word "drive", widely used at the time, is descriptive of the practice of "rounding up" Indians and "driving" them like cattle to the reservation where they were "corralled" by high picket fences. During winters, the variation still results in very frequent air frosts. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 163 people (13.0%).[7]. Some sources claim that the town was named after a village in Switzerland. [3] Life on the Round Valley Reservation has since been affected by much government legislation. Covelo began in 1860, with the opening of the town's first store. Now we must go back and tell the people, THIS IS THE HOUR, and there are things to be considered: Where are you living? The per capita income for the CDP was $12,628. Later many other tribes were dumped into the Valley, rounded up from far corners of California, many of them being traditional enemies of one another, which added mightily to the hostile social environment. Instead, a small part of it was reserved especially for their use as well as the use of other Indians, many of whom were enemies of the Yuki. This community is an accumulation of people from several tribes: the Yuki, who were the original inhabitants of Round Valley, Concow Maidu, Little Lake and other Pomo, Nomlaki, Cahto, Wailaki, and Pit River peoples. However, there is no village in Switzerland by that name. Superintendent Henley requested that the United States Army be sent to the valley to mediate. Later many other tribes were dumped into the Valley, rounded up from far corners of California, many of them being traditional enemies of one another, which added mightily to the hostile social environment. They leased extra land and raised garden vegetables, hay, hogs, and cattle. Others lived up at Buck Mountain, Richard Wilson's mountain retreat. And worst of all, they are luring many of the young people into a life of illegal drug cultivation and "easy money," which threatens the work ethic that is essential for a self-reliant life style on the long term. The historical monument located at the overlook. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.4%. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 7.1 square miles (18 km2), 99.40% of it land, 0.60% of it water. More than two-thirds of this area is off-reservation trust land, including about 405 acres (1.64 km2) in the community of Covelo. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.17. [3] Some sources claim that the town was named after a village in Switzerland. There were 70 (14.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 0 (0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. What are you doing? The Indians of Round Valley jointly elected a tribal council and wrote a constitution both of which still function. Relations between the various Indian groups, settlers and White employees of the reservation reached a state of extreme hostility. The following photographs depict Covelo and its present day environs as of August, 2012. A small part of it extends northward into southern Trinity County. In the interests of promoting self-government, only those Indian organizations consisting of elected councils, rather than those based on cultural traditions, were recognized as tribes by the Federal Bureau of Indian Affairs. They are depredating the wildlife as they hunt both in and out of season. When first recognized, the tribe and reservation were both known as the Covelo Indian Community.[4]. Fort Wright was then established in December 1862, on the western edge of the Valley.[2]. Originally, Round Valley was home to the Yuki people, but in 1854 white settlers moved in and tensions began between the Europeans and the Native Americans. Between July, 1856, when Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Thomas J. Henley, requested official designation of the valley as Nome Cult farm, and the granting of his request in 1858, Round Valley slowly filled with farms and ranches despite its reservation status. The median age was 36 years. There was considerable grumbling among the locals while Chadwick and his crew were living in the valley, but when they left, not a few were heard to comment that they missed the liveliness of the place that had been during that time.