In addition, there is a small European Jewish (Ecuadorian Jews) population, which is based mainly in Quito and to a lesser extent in Guayaquil. Achuar-Shiwiar – 2,000 Pastaza province. This law set the border at the river Carchi and the eastern border that stretched to Brazil at the Caquetá river. Many other Ecuadorians have emigrated across Latin America, thousands have gone to Japan and Australia. Peru ignored these protests and created the Department of Loreto in 1853 with its capital in Iquitos which it had recently invaded and systematically began to occupy using the river systems in all the territories claimed by both Colombia and Ecuador. , Ecuador has the first constitution to recognize the rights of nature. The oldest observatory in South America is the Quito Astronomical Observatory and is located in Quito, Ecuador. Millions of people use Insta People Search in Ecuador to find old friends. Ecuador is currently placed in 96th position of innovation in technology. In the coastal region, seafood is very popular, with fish, shrimp and ceviche being key parts of the diet. The descendants of enslaved Africans (sometimes called Afro-Ecuadorans) live mainly in the northwest coastal region of Esmeraldas and in the Chota River valley in the northern highlands.  In 2011, its GDP grew at 8% and ranked 3rd highest in Latin America, behind Argentina (2nd) and Panama (1st). The five largest cities in the country are Guayaquil (2.99 million inhabitants), Quito (1.87 million inhabitants), Cuenca (636,996 inhabitants), Santo Domingo (458,580 inhabitants), and Ambato (387,309 inhabitants). Jaime Roldós Aguilera was elected president, garnering over one million votes, the most in Ecuadorian history.  Today the Jewish Community of Ecuador (Comunidad Judía del Ecuador) has its seat in Quito and has approximately 200 members. Try it now and find out why millions of people in Ecuador use InstaPeopleSearch to find their loved ones. This important date was established by the Spaniards on 24 June, coincidentally the same date when indigenous people celebrated their rituals of Inti Raymi. Tecnocumbia and Rockola are clear examples of the influence of foreign cultures. Cuenca's tramway is the largest public transport system in the city and the first modern tramway in Ecuador. De Velasco wrote about the nations and chiefdoms that had existed in the Kingdom of Quito (today Ecuador) before the arrival of the Spanish. The 19th century was marked by instability for Ecuador with a rapid succession of rulers. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Subject to the influence of Quichua-speaking missionaries and traders, various elements of the Yumbos adopted the tongue as a lingua franca and gradually lost their previous languages and tribal origins. Currently the most successful football team in Ecuador is LDU Quito, and it is the only Ecuadorian team that has won the Copa Libertadores, the Copa Sudamericana, and the Recopa Sudamericana; they were also runners-up in the 2008 FIFA Club World Cup. One of the most traditional forms of dancing in Ecuador is Sanjuanito. Roldos was immediately succeeded by Vice President Osvaldo Hurtado, who was followed in 1984 by León Febres Cordero from the Social Christian Party. The major areas of scientific research in Ecuador have been in the medical fields, tropical and infectious diseases treatments, agricultural engineering, pharmaceutical research, and bioengineering. Food is prepared from scratch EVERYDAY.That said, Ecuador's people party as hard as they work. Finally, on July 23, 1941, the Peruvians launched a major invasion, crossing the Zarumilla river in force and advancing into the Ecuadorian province of El Oro. The Ecuadorian State consists of five branches of government: the Executive Branch, the Legislative Branch, the Judicial Branch, the Electoral Branch, and Transparency and Social Control. A debate to modify this and other reforms, especially the one which granted control of the Higher Education System by the government, was practically passed with consensus by the multi-partisan National Assembly on August 4, 2010, but vetoed by President Rafael Correa, who wanted to keep the law strictly as it was originally redacted by his political party and SENPLADES (National Secretary of Planning and Development). The trade balance with the United States, Chile, the European Union, Bolivia, Peru, Brazil, and Mexico is positive.