Its best known professional teams include Barcelona and Emelec from Guayaquil; LDU Quito, Deportivo Quito, and El Nacional from Quito; Olmedo from Riobamba; and Deportivo Cuenca from Cuenca. Most of its fauna and flora lives in 26 protected areas by the State. Ecuador has won two medals in the Olympic Games, both gained by 20-km (12 mi) racewalker Jefferson Pérez, who took gold in the 1996 games and silver 12 years later. Many fruits are available in this region, including bananas, tree grapes, and peach palms. The Ministry of Information and Tourism was created on August 10, 1992, at the beginning of the government of Sixto Durán Ballén, who viewed tourism as a fundamental activity for the economic and social development of the peoples. By the mid-1970s, increasing numbers of Quichua speakers settled around some of the towns and missions of the Oriente. Languages: [citation needed] Ecuador has qualified for the final rounds of the 2002, the 2006, & the 2014 FIFA World Cups. [102][103], In the rural parts of Ecuador, Amerindian beliefs and Catholicism are sometimes syncretized. [35], Both the Yumbos and the Jívaros depended on agriculture as their primary means of subsistence. Then after a few meetings with the Colombian government's representatives an agreement was reached and the Muñoz Vernaza-Suarez Treaty was signed July 15, 1916, in which Colombian rights to the Putumayo river were recognized as well as Ecuador's rights to the Napo river and the new border was a line that ran midpoint between those two rivers. I love getting to know cultures other than my own, learning how they relate and how they’re different. Although some of the younger generation are losing their good manners, the majority of the people think it impolite to pass a person without saying a greeting of some sort. Huáscar did not recognize his father's will, since it did not follow Inca traditions of naming an Inca through the priests. [140] The cost of primary and secondary education is borne by the government, but families often face significant additional expenses such as fees and transportation costs. Due to the continuous border disputes with Peru, finally settled in the early 2000s, and due to the ongoing problem with the Colombian guerrilla insurgency infiltrating Amazonian provinces, the Ecuadorian Armed Forces has gone through a series of changes. [28], Ecuador and Peru signed the Brasilia Presidential Act peace agreement on October 26, 1998, which ended hostilities, and effectively put an end to the Western Hemisphere's longest running territorial dispute. The use of Quipu was banned by the Spanish,[120] and in order to preserve their work, many Inca poets had to resort to the use of the Latin alphabet to write in their native Quechua language. In the highlands, residents of Carchi (in the far north) and Azuay and Loja (in the south) have developed especially strong regional identities. The northern faction headed by Atahualpa claimed that Huayna Capac gave a verbal decree before his death about how the empire should be divided. Ecuador also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres (621 mi) west of the mainland. Futsal, often referred to as índor, is particularly popular for mass participation. [31], Nonetheless, according to Kluck, individuals could potentially switch ethnic affiliation if they had culturally adapted to the recipient group; such switches were made without resort to subterfuge. Just enter the name, e-mail or phone number using the form above and let us do the lookup. ),[13][14] officially the Republic of Ecuador (Spanish: República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Quechua: Ikwadur Ripuwlika; Shuar: Ekuatur Nunka),[15][16] is a country in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean on the west. Ecuador has won only two medals in the Olympic Games, both gained by 20 km racewalker Jefferson Pérez, who took gold in the 1996 games, and silver 12 years later. [39], There is a small number of Eastern Orthodox Christians, indigenous religions, Muslims (see Islam in Ecuador), Buddhists and Baháʼís. [73] The Napo ranges in width from 500 to 1,800 m (1,640 to 5,906 ft). Ecuador's indigenous communities are integrated into the mainstream culture to varying degrees,[36] but some may also practice their own indigenous cultures, particularly the more remote indigenous communities of the Amazon basin. Ecuador's population is ethnically mixed. Through the years, many cultures have influenced to establish new types of music. However, that same year, 1821, Peruvian forces participating in the Trujillo revolution occupied both Jaen and Tumbes. Data refer to projections based on the 2010 Population Census):[21], Registration of vital events is in Ecuador not complete. Home   Contact Me   Newsletter   Advertise   Site Search   Privacy Policy   About Me   JWO   Ecuador VIP, Copyright © 2010-2020, Build your own website with Solo Build It (I do earn a commission if, after clicking on this link, you decide to build your website with Solo Build It). Since we are completely free, we limit the number of searches you can perform in a day. The new structure of some careers caused the dropping of subjects, credits, or even the name of the previously conferred diplomas. The military tradition starts in Gran Colombia, where a sizable army was stationed in Ecuador due to border disputes with Peru, which claimed territories under its political control when it was a Spanish vice-royalty. By the 20th century, mestizo and cholo were frequently used interchangeably. The acting president's wife receives the title of First Lady of Ecuador. [29] The Guarantors of the Rio Protocol (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and the United States of America) ruled that the border of the undelineated zone was to be set at the line of the Cordillera del Cóndor. When it comes to a date in Ecuador, you get quite a lot of bang for your buck, so there are some pretty cool dates to be had around the country. Even though Ecuador's white population dur… Institutions that have High Performance Computing centers:[149], Currently, the politics of research and investigation are managed by the National Secretary of Higher Education, Science, and Technology (Senescyt). Ecuador's mainstream culture is defined by its Hispanic mestizo majority, and like their ancestry, it is traditionally of Spanish heritage, influenced in different degrees by Amerindian traditions, and in some cases by African elements. The archeological evidence suggests that the Paleo-Indians' first dispersal into the Americas occurred near the end of the last glacial period, around 16,500–13,000 years ago. Guayaquil has an East Asian community, mostly Chinese including Taiwanese, and Japanese, as well as a Southeast Asian community, mostly Filipinos. The legislative branch is embodied by the National Assembly, which is headquartered in the city of Quito in the Legislative Palace, and consists of 137 assemblymen, divided into ten committees and elected for a four-year term. And today you can see the influence everywhere. Quechua – 9 separate dialects are spoken in as many areas in the country with a combined population of 1'460,000. Ecuador People In addition, there is a small European Jewish (Ecuadorian Jews) population, which is based mainly in Quito and to a lesser extent in Guayaquil. Achuar-Shiwiar – 2,000 Pastaza province. This law set the border at the river Carchi and the eastern border that stretched to Brazil at the Caquetá river. Many other Ecuadorians have emigrated across Latin America, thousands have gone to Japan and Australia. Peru ignored these protests and created the Department of Loreto in 1853 with its capital in Iquitos which it had recently invaded and systematically began to occupy using the river systems in all the territories claimed by both Colombia and Ecuador. [59], Ecuador has the first constitution to recognize the rights of nature. The oldest observatory in South America is the Quito Astronomical Observatory and is located in Quito, Ecuador. Millions of people use Insta People Search in Ecuador to find old friends. Ecuador is currently placed in 96th position of innovation in technology. In the coastal region, seafood is very popular, with fish, shrimp and ceviche being key parts of the diet. The descendants of enslaved Africans (sometimes called Afro-Ecuadorans) live mainly in the northwest coastal region of Esmeraldas and in the Chota River valley in the northern highlands. [71] In 2011, its GDP grew at 8% and ranked 3rd highest in Latin America, behind Argentina (2nd) and Panama (1st). The five largest cities in the country are Guayaquil (2.99 million inhabitants), Quito (1.87 million inhabitants)[110], Cuenca (636,996 inhabitants), Santo Domingo (458,580 inhabitants), and Ambato (387,309 inhabitants). Jaime Roldós Aguilera was elected president, garnering over one million votes, the most in Ecuadorian history. [106][citation needed] Today the Jewish Community of Ecuador (Comunidad Judía del Ecuador) has its seat in Quito and has approximately 200 members. Try it now and find out why millions of people in Ecuador use InstaPeopleSearch to find their loved ones. This important date was established by the Spaniards on 24 June, coincidentally the same date when indigenous people celebrated their rituals of Inti Raymi. Tecnocumbia and Rockola are clear examples of the influence of foreign cultures. Cuenca's tramway is the largest public transport system in the city and the first modern tramway in Ecuador. De Velasco wrote about the nations and chiefdoms that had existed in the Kingdom of Quito (today Ecuador) before the arrival of the Spanish. The 19th century was marked by instability for Ecuador with a rapid succession of rulers. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Subject to the influence of Quichua-speaking missionaries and traders, various elements of the Yumbos adopted the tongue as a lingua franca and gradually lost their previous languages and tribal origins. Currently the most successful football team in Ecuador is LDU Quito, and it is the only Ecuadorian team that has won the Copa Libertadores, the Copa Sudamericana, and the Recopa Sudamericana; they were also runners-up in the 2008 FIFA Club World Cup. One of the most traditional forms of dancing in Ecuador is Sanjuanito. Roldos was immediately succeeded by Vice President Osvaldo Hurtado, who was followed in 1984 by León Febres Cordero from the Social Christian Party. The major areas of scientific research in Ecuador have been in the medical fields, tropical and infectious diseases treatments, agricultural engineering, pharmaceutical research, and bioengineering. Food is prepared from scratch EVERYDAY.That said, Ecuador's people party as hard as they work. Finally, on July 23, 1941, the Peruvians launched a major invasion, crossing the Zarumilla river in force and advancing into the Ecuadorian province of El Oro. The Ecuadorian State consists of five branches of government: the Executive Branch, the Legislative Branch, the Judicial Branch, the Electoral Branch, and Transparency and Social Control. A debate to modify this and other reforms, especially the one which granted control of the Higher Education System by the government, was practically passed with consensus by the multi-partisan National Assembly on August 4, 2010, but vetoed by President Rafael Correa, who wanted to keep the law strictly as it was originally redacted by his political party and SENPLADES (National Secretary of Planning and Development). The trade balance with the United States, Chile, the European Union, Bolivia, Peru, Brazil, and Mexico is positive.