The USSR scores an overwhelming victory and would dominate world chess for the next 25 years. In Europe, chess evolved into roughly its current form in the 15th century. * 1422 - A manuscript from Kraków sets the rule that stalemate is a draw. *1870 - Earliest recorded tournament in Germany (Baden-Baden). 1954 – Botvinnik retains his title after the World Championship match with challenger Smyslov ends in a 12–12 tie. 1874 - Chess codexes written by 16th century Italian master. * 1173 - Earliest recorded use of algebraic chess notation. 1008 – Mention of chess in the will of Count Uregel, another early reference. The earliest Indian chess pieces were called shah (King), wazir (Counselor), fil (Bishop), asp (Knight), rukh (Rook), and piyade (pawn). 1963 – Petrosian defeats Botvinnik 12½–9½ to become the ninth World Chess Champion. *1991 - Judit Polgar becomes the youngest ever Grandmaster, breaking Bobby Fischer's record by about a month. * 1283 - Alfonso X compiles the Libro de los juegos, with an extensive collection of chess problems. * 1510 - Marco Girolamo Vida wrote "Scacchia ludus(The Game of Chess)" with the first reference to a goddess of chess. * ca. 1870 – Earliest recorded tournament in Germany (Baden-Baden). 1802 - Earliest known American chess book. 1937 - A record for simultaneous blindfold play against 34 opponents. *1813 - The Liverpool Mercury prints the world's earliest chess column. *1883 - Invention of Forsyth notation. *2005 - Veselin Topalov wins the FIDE World Chess Championship 2005 with 10/14 (+6=8-0). The history of chess …   Wikipedia, Index of chess articles — Contents 1 Books 2 General articles 2.1 0–9 2.2 A …   Wikipedia, Origins of chess — The game of Chess has been attributed to the Indians both by the Persians and by the Arabs.Wilkinson 1943] However, the origin of the game remains lost in antiquity. *1845 - Telegraph is used to transmit moves in a match between London and Portsmouth. *1873 - The Neustadtl score system is first used in a tournament. 1947 - The first postage stamp with a chess motif was printed by Bulgaria. 1008 – Mention of chess in the will of Count Uregel, another early reference. The tournament is the subject of a well-known book by David Bronstein. *1949 - Claude Shannon speculates on how computers might play chess. On to Persia, where it was called shāh or … *1848 - Earliest known instance of a game played between blind players. *1950 - First Candidates Tournament is held in Budapest. *2006 - World Chess Championship reunited when Vladimir Kramnik defeats Veselin Topalov in the FIDE World Chess Championship 2006. If you want to know the answers to these questions about chess and much more keep reading the chess timeline. The piece is dated to 465 AD. * ca. History; Tournaments; Publications. Anand finished the tournament with a score of 9/14 (+4=10-0). *1921 - British correspondence championship starts. Humphreys. *2007 - Viswanathan Anand becomes the fifteenth World Chess Champion after winning the 2007 World Chess Championship tournament held in Mexico City. 1919 – Capablanca plays a simul in the House of Commons against 39 players. 1848 - Earliest known instance of a game played between blind players. * 1474 - William Caxton publishes "The Game and Playe of Chesse", the first chess book in English. 1937 - Alexander Alekhine regains his champion title from Max Euwe in The Netherlands +10 −4 =11. 1475-1525 - The modern moves for the queen, bishop, and castling are slowly adopted. *1919 - Capablanca plays a simul in the House of Commons against 39 players. * Chess* Origins of chess* Chess in early literature* Chess in Europe, *citation last=Whyld | first=Ken | author-link=Ken Whyld year=1986 title=Chess: The Records publisher=Guinness Books isbn=0-85112-455-0 pages=7–10, Chess (disambiguation) — Contents 1 Board games 2 Computer games 3 Art 4 Acronyms …   Wikipedia, Timeline of computing 1990–present — This article presents a timeline of events in the history of computing from 1990 to the present. *1913 - The grasshopper is the first fairy piece invented, having its origin in the Renaissance "leaping queen". *1834 - Earliest recorded international challenge match: Alexander McDonnell (Ireland) versus Louis de la Bourdonnais (France) at the Westminster Chess Club, London. *1951 - Mikhail Botvinnik retains his title after the World Championship match with challenger David Bronstein ends in a 12–12 tie. 1978 - FIDE Master (FM) introduced as a title below International Master. * late 13th century - Pawns can now move two ranks on first move. *1894 - Emmanuel Lasker defeats Wilhelm Steinitz in a world championship match to become the second official world champion. The earliest Persian names were shah, farzin, pil, asp, rukh, and piyada. Chess Championship starts. *1857 - First American Chess Congress, won by 20 year old Paul Morphy, causes a chess epidemic across the U.S.*1857 - The UK Chess Association is formed. 1848 – Earliest known instance of a game played between blind players. Inventions are often invented by several inventors around the same… …   Wikipedia, Timeline of events in the Cold War — Part of a series on the History of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War World War II …   Wikipedia, Outline of chess — A game of chess, in the starting position. The bottom row shows knight, rook, and pawn. 1913 - Publication of H. J. R. Murray's monumental book. 1813 - The Liverpool Mercury prints the world's earliest chess column. 1947 – The first postage stamp with a chess motif was printed by Bulgaria. 1958 - Botvinnik defeats Smyslov in a rematch by the score 12½-10½ to regain the title. 1921 – … 1985 – Kasparov defeats Karpov to become the thirteenth World Chess Champion 13–11. Photographs of real size resin reproductions of the 12th century Lewis chessmen. * 6th century - The game Chaturanga probably evolved into its current form around this time in India. The earliest Indian chess pieces were called shah (King), wazir (Counselor), fil (Bishop), asp (Knight), rukh (Rook), and piyade (pawn). 1961 - Botvinnik defeats Tal in a rematch by the score +10 −5 =6 to regain the title. 1830 – Earliest recorded instance of a modern female chess player. *1963 - Tigran Petrosian defeats Botvinnik 12.5–9.5 to become the ninth World Chess Champion. 1946 - Reigning world champion Alexander Alekhine dies in Portugal, leaving the title vacant. 1861 – Games are played via transoceanic cables (Dublin–Liverpool). 1899 – Chess clocks now have timeout flags to indicate that a player's time has run out. Although he didn't invent the opening named after him, he analyzed it in a book he published in 1561.