Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or cavity, is a bacterial infection that causes demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues (enamel, dentin, and cementum). The bacteria can cause blood infections, pneumonia, ... HIV virus damages T cells that are vital in helping the body fight off diseases, leaving those infected at risk of many types of infections. This page does not cover conditions such as ringworm or athlete’s foot (fungal), cold sores (viral) or scabies (parasitic), although these conditions can allow bacterial infections to take hold, too. Scalp infections occur when bacteria or fungus enter damaged skin or hair follicles on the scalp. Like any part of your body, you can get infections and illnesses that can affect your teeth, gums, and tongue. Other types of bacterial infections include urinary tract infections (including bladder and kidney infections) and dental abscesses , as well as infections caused by MRSA , Group B Streptococcus , and C. Difficile . 17th ed. Age also determines the propensity of bacterial infection in cats. Some oral infections are more serious than others. Bacterial disease, any of a variety of illnesses caused by bacteria. There are a great many types of bacterial infection that can affect the skin, most of which can be easily treated with antibiotics. Staphylococcal infections (often shortened to Staph) mainly affect the skin. ISBN 978-0-87553-189-2; Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. Keratitis: Causes: Mostly herpes virus and foreign body with secondary infection due to bacteria or fungi. Registered office: Antibiotic Research UK Genesis 5 York Science Park Heslington Other examples of bacterial lung diseases include Legionnaire's disease, inhalation anthrax and whooping cough, also known as pertussis 4. Necrotizing fasciitis is a serious infection most often caused by Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria.S. Bacterial and viral infections have many things in common. Antibiotics only work against bacterial infections. When the number and type of bacteria increase to a point that the body is no longer able to control the invasion, then symptoms of infection can be noted. A bacteria infection is one of the most common types of infection. Definition of CRE . Two common types are Staphylococcus epidermis and Staphylococcus aureus. There are different types of bacteria (good & bad), but in this article, we will explore a list of scary diseases caused by harmful bacteria. Laboratory diagnosis: 1. Bacterial diseases were once leading causes of death. Cholera 4. Salmonellosis. Immunisation is available to prevent many important bacterial diseases such as Hemophilus influenza Type b (Hib), tetanus and whooping cough.. Dental Caries or Cavities Some bacteria cause disease in man, requiring treatment with an … ISBN 978-1-58110-306-9 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Types of bacteria that cause infection are explained below: Staphylococcus. Fungal infections are caused by fungi, and these usually develop on a person's skin. Osteomyelitis often occurs when an infection elsewhere in the body, such as a urinary tract infection or pneumonia, spreads through the blood to the bones. One of the bacteria of concern today is Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) a bacterium associated with Klebsiella species and Escherichia coli (E. coli). Bacterial skin infections. Both types of infections are caused by microbes -- bacteria and viruses, respectively -- and spread by things such as: Coughing and sneezing. Tetanus 7. Learn more about types of bacterial disease and the mechanism by which bacteria cause illness. Bacterial skin infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. The type of bacteria causing an infection will usually influence the type of treatment given. A fungal infection causes athlete's foot. Infectious types of bacteria can sometimes invade the body and cause a variety of medical conditions, which may need to be treated with prescription medications such as antibiotics. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) / CC BY 2.0. The signs and symptoms differ according to the kinds of infection, but usually a patient will have chills or a fever. Both types of bacteria are capable of causing different infections to humans. Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2. While this is most commonly caused by bacterial infections, sepsis can also be the result of fungal or viral infections. The symptoms of viral and bacterial illnesses are sometimes similar. If you have problems viewing PDF files, download the latest version of Adobe Reader. APHA [American Public Health Association] Press; 2000. The symptoms of a bacterial infection will depend on the location of the infection and the type of bacteria. These types of bacterial skin infections are not discussed in this article. Leptospirosis – This type of bacterial infection is common because it is highly contagious. Bacterial Disease # 1. The following are four different types of skin infections: 1. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - PO Box 8126, Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 - Toll-free: 1-888-205-2311 Bacterial Disease: Type # 6. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) include infections of the urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and are common causes of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. Improved sanitation, vaccines, and antibiotics significantly decreased mortality rates. Infections caused by parasites and a few types of infections caused by bacteria may also need treatment with medicines. Why do we need laboratory testing for bacterial infections?. Syphilis 10. Osteomyelitis. Chin J. B., ed. Fungal Sinus Infections/Fungal Rhinosinusitis. History of Bacterial Diseases: There were many pieces of evidence in books and sculptures of these bacterial diseases from ancient Egyptian and ancient Chinese times (3000 BCE) for hundreds of years. In general, bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics as a course. There are various types of bacterial infections that can affect your cat and its major organs. About Bacterial Infection. Various tests are carried out in a laboratory to establish or confirm the diagnosis of a bacterial skin infection.Although a thorough history and examination of the patient are vital, laboratory tests can help the clinician to reach a diagnosis. What are the symptoms of a bacterial infection? While the majority of sinus infections are caused by a viral or bacterial infection, they can also occur due to fungal infections. There are some general signs of bacterial infection: fever Bacteria are capable of reproducing on their own. 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