Colony of South Australia § The Proclamation of South Australia (1836), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Colony_of_New_South_Wales&oldid=985152275, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 08:12. The Charter stated that the Colony of New Zealand would be established as a Crown colony separate from New South Wales on 1 July 1841.[3]. However the Governor retained more power than the Council and could dissolve the council and refer a bill to the British Parliament. On 22 May 1860 the first Queensland election was held and Robert Herbert, Bowen's private secretary, was appointed as the first Premier of Queensland. First published by the Find & Connect Web Resource Project for the Commonwealth of Australia, 2011, Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. At the end of the 19th century, the six colonies of Australia, including New South Wales, agreed to form the Commonwealth of Australia. On 22 May 1860 the first Queensland election was held and Robert Herbert, Bowen's private secretary, was appointed as the first Premier of Queensland. The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia agreed to unite and form the Commonwealth of Australia, establishing a system of federalism in Australia. The Colony of New South Wales was a colony of the British Empire from 1788 to 1900, when it became a State of the Commonwealth of Australia.At its greatest extent, the colony of New South Wales included the present-day Australian states of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, Tasmania, and South Australia, the Northern Territory as well as New Zealand. If you know of any related resources, please contact us. New South Wales was founded (begun) in 1788, by the British who set up a small colony which became known as Sydney Town, and grew into the city of Sydney. On 10 December 1859, a proclamation was read by British author George Bowen, whereby Queensland was formally separated from the state of New South Wales. [2] As a result, Bowen became the first Governor of Queensland. Thus the Australia Act represents the final stage of complete integration of the Former Colony of NSW into the jurisdiction of the Sovereign State of Australia. Queensland also became the first Australian colony to establish its own parliament rather than spending time as a Crown Colony. This page was last modified on 17 December 2015, at 01:35. It is bounded on the E by the Pacific Ocean. On 6 June 1859, Queen Victoria signed Letters Patent to form the separate colony of what is now Queensland. The Act also provided for a court system and judiciary. In 1823 the New South Wales Act was established and passed by the British Parliament and a level of autonomous government was set up within the colony. Another referendum was held in 1899 and the majority was reached. (“Banjo”) Paterson at the end of the 19th century helped to shape and promote the “bush ethos” in Australian identity. However, at this time it was still a Penal Colony. The first "responsible" self-government of New South Wales was formed on 6 June 1856 with Sir Stuart Alexander Donaldson appointed by Governor Sir William Denison as its first Colonial Secretary.[1]. In 1823 the British Parliament passed what is commonly referred to as 'The New South Wales Act' and it called for a Legislative Council of colonial residents to be appointed to advise the Governor. It originally included the areas that became Queensland, Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. New South Wales was a colony of the British Empire from 1788 to 1901. What to Expect when Accessing Records about You, Historical Background About Child Welfare, Searching for Records of a Parent or Grandparent, Applying for Records: Your Rights and the Law, Find & Connect web resource Induction Pack, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Before that, British naval administration applied. On 1 July 1851, writs were issued for the election of the first Victorian Legislative Council, and the absolute independence of Victoria from New South Wales was established proclaiming a new Colony of Victoria. In the earlier part of the period, the colony of New South Wales was much larger than the present-day state of New South Wales, as it included what would become the separate British colonies of Queensland, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and New Zealand.