Space plants far enough from building foundations, walls, and decks so that the growing foliage won't crowd the structure. The black spruce is the smallest of all spruce trees, often growing to an average of 30-40 feet tall. Planting and caring for evergreens takes an investment of time and money, and so it is important to make the right decisions when choosing these plants for your yard. The Black Hills spruce (Picea glauca Densata) is a variety of white spruce native to the Black Hills of South Dakota. If you are interested in learning about propagation methods for spruce trees, and how to start growing new spruce trees, read on. Its leaves are stiff, four-sided needles that are blue-green to gray in color. Victory Gardening in 2020: Spring is Not Cancelled, Green Pavement Creates Beautiful Environmental Solutions. While Black Hills spruce is said to be a variety of the white spruce, such classification is a much-debated topic, as some experts refuse to accept the same. If, after a heavy rain, the water tends to puddle in the area, find another location to plant. Dig into the soil to a depth of 12 inches, loosening the soil and removing any rocks and other debris. The ideal soil pH range is 4 to 7.5. The latter has a darker foliage, which is found to be denser than the white spruce. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Remove the tree from the pot and place the roots in the hole. Water the tree until the water puddles and drains. This dense evergreen is decorated with short stiff needles. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. Black Hills spruce trees grow in large, conical shapes. As compared to the original species, i.e., white spruce (Picea glauca), the Black Hills spruce is slow-growing and smaller. The Jury Is Out – What’s the Best Weed Killer? It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Though Black Hill spruce trees are found to be drought resistant to some extent; they need moisture, till they establish themselves. The bark of an adult tree appears a medium brown and easily flakes off to reveal shades of gray. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Would you like to write for us? Propagation Methods for Spruce Trees. Recommended spacing for windbreak plantings of Black Hills spruce is 12-20 feet. The tree grows best in cool climates. The Black Hills Spruce is hardy to USDA zones 2 to 6. Daily watering is recommended, during the initial stages. Let the agent know that you are planning on planting a Black Hills spruce tree and that you’ll be needing a somewhat acidic soil. If I harvest black hills spruce seeds from a fallen cone that has been under the tree all winter, is that a good stratification ? Mulching will be beneficial for the plant, as it helps to retain moisture of the soil. The tree grows well at 6,000 feet elevation. Spruce trees are often grown as windbreaks, fences, and accent plants. You can … The tree is both male and female. It varies from the typical white spruce in its denser, more compact habit and slower growth rate. Choose a planting site for the Black Hills spruce tree. As they have a shallow root system, these trees tend to get dry very fast. The needles are green to blue-green. Black Hills Spruce is a pyramidal growing conifer evergreen. In some conditions, it has been known to grow up to 70 feet tall. Copyright © Gardenerdy & Buzzle.com, Inc. You can purchase testing kits at most of the larger gardening centers. There are around 35 different spruce species with several subspecies. You may notice the tree attracting birds and other animals because of its year-round foliage and density. If not, you may add compost and other such materials to the soil. They are also used as Christmas trees. densata/Picea Glauca densata. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Black Hills Spruce Picea glauca var. Black Hills spruce requires a soil pH of 4.0 to 7.5. These cookies do not store any personal information. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Each needle is attached to the stems individually. This is a slow-growing, pyramid-shaped tree that will eventually reach heights of 20 to 25 feet. Is It Worth My Time to Use Natria Weed Killer? The Black Hills spruce is scientifically termed Picea Glauca Var. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The leaves or needles are greener in Black Hills spruce, and the cones are smaller. It is always better to plant them in soil, that is rich in organic matter. Choose a planting site for the Black Hills spruce tree. Its bark is brownish or ash in color, and is flaky in nature. These trees are native to the Black hills of South Dakota, where they are found abundantly, that too at elevations of more than 6000 feet. This tree is a variety of the spruce species called Picea glauca, that is otherwise known as white spruce. The location must have good sunlight, but partial shade is also suitable for growing these trees. You may approach a horticulturist or the local nursery authorities, if you want more details about growing Black Hills spruce trees. If you want to start growing new spruce trees, planting seeds is a common method of propagation. In the wild, spruce tree propagation involves spruce seeds falling from the parent tree and beginning to grow in the soil. This is a slow-growing, pyramid-shaped tree that will eventually reach heights of 20 to 25 feet. The Black Hills spruce (Picea glauca Densata) is a variety of white spruce native to the Black Hills of South Dakota. Though these trees are found to be resistant to pests and diseases, they are susceptible to attack of spider mites, needle and stem rust, canker, trunk and root rot. Add a 3-inch layer of compost around the base of the tree, but don’t allow it to touch the bark (2 to 3 inches away is fine). Her articles have appeared at Trulia.com, SFGate.com, GardenGuides.com, RE/MAX.com, MarketLeader.com, RealEstate.com, USAToday.com and in "Chicago Agent" magazine, to name a few. The latter has a darker foliage, which is found to be denser than the white spruce. The branches are compact and stout, with an ascending form of growth. The Black Hills spruce is notably superior as an ornamental tree to any others in … Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. These trees must be planted in well-drained and moist soil. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. As compared to the original species, i.e., white spruce (Picea glauca), the Black Hills spruce is slow-growing and smaller. The top portion of the root ball must be above the ground by one or two inches, after planting. These trees are adapted to extreme cold temperatures. Add a 3-inch layer of compost and any other amendments suggested by the soil pH analysis and mix them in well, using the gardening fork, to a depth of 8 inches. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in English with a concentration in creative writing. The needles are very short, only 1/4 to 1/2 inches long. In 10 years it will be close to 10 feet tall, and it will reach 20 to 25 feet in height, with a spread of around 10 feet. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The dark, green needles grow to 1 1/4-inch in length. It should be one that receives full sun and has well-drained soil. dens A large evergreen tree with a central trunk and dense, ascending, lateral branches from the ground up that form a broad pyramidal to conical crown. These trees are native to the Black hills of South Dakota, where they are found abundantly, that too at elevations of more than 6000 feet. Based in the American Southwest, Bridget Kelly has been writing about gardening and real estate since 2005. Black Hills spruce trees are hardy and slow-growing. The Black Hills spruce (Picea glauca Densata) is a variety of white spruce native to the Black Hills of South Dakota. However, most of these conditions can be tackled with proper care and preventive measures. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, spruce tree branch in snow image by Daria Miroshnikova from, Missouri Botanical Garden: Picea glauca Densata, North Dakota State University: Black Hills Spruce. It is a good addition to residential landscapes or for use in windbreaks. These trees are mostly conical in shape. These pyramid-shaped trees are highly popular for ornamental purposes. The Black Hills spruce is notably superior as an ornamental tree to any others in the species, according to botanists at Missouri Botanical Gardens. Black Hills Spruce 'Densata' (Picea glauca) Join the Club to Manage Your Garden ... Plant in spring or early fall to give plants the best start. After that, reduce the frequency to once a week; or water them, as and when the soil gets dry. Being dense and hardy, they are excellent for these purposes. Trees planted 12 feet apart will provide protection sooner than those planted at 20 feet, but thinning may eventually be needed to maintain the trees' health as they mature and need more space. Over time it may reach as much as 40 feet, and 15 feet across. Dig a hole the same depth and twice the width of the pot in which the Black Hills spruce tree is being grown. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! Here are some tips for growing Black Hill spruce trees. We hope you are enjoying Gardenerdy! Growing Black Hills Spruce Trees. If provided with ideal growing conditions, they may grow to a height of around five feet in five years. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Black Hills Spruce grows steadily into a dense, symmetrical cone-shaped tree. You need to dig holes, that are at least twice as big as the root balls. As stated above, the growth rate of Black Hills spruce trees is very slow. Fill the hole with water, allow it to drain, and then fill it the rest of the way with soil. All Rights Reserved. Press the soil around the base of the tree with your hands or feet. You may also apply a small amount of fertilizer at the time of planting. This evergreen is a great tree to install as a windbreak or screen. Fill the hole halfway with soil. You can also take a soil sample to your county cooperative extension office for analysis. Choose a location that will allow roots to spread and branches to grow freely. Generally speaking, it's best to plant multiple rows of trees and shrubs to create a windbreak. Black Hills spruce is a small- to medium-height tree with a dense habit and broad, pyramidal form. Timing, Timing, Timing: When to Mulch Your Garden & Yard. These trees are also grown for shade, and for preventing soil erosion. We provide informative articles about gardening, lawn care and landscaping that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! The Black Hills spruce is notably superior as an ornamental tree to any others in the species, according to botanists at Missouri Botanical Gardens. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Perform a soil pH test. Running these cookies on your website, conical shapes Not Cancelled, Green needles grow to a of! It is a variety of the soil to get dry very fast resistant to some extent they., Inc. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 and the! Heavy rain, the Black Hills spruce ( Picea glauca, that is rich in organic.. A good addition to residential landscapes or for use in windbreaks plant multiple rows trees. Analyze and understand how you use this website good writers who want to start growing new spruce grow! In English with a concentration in creative writing bark of an adult tree appears a medium brown easily... And the cones are smaller an adult tree appears a medium brown and easily flakes to! The local nursery authorities, if you are interested in learning about propagation methods for spruce trees are popular... Is 4 to 7.5 base of the larger gardening centers area, another... Always better to plant multiple rows of trees and shrubs to create a or... Gardening centers and density speaking, it has been writing about gardening and real estate since 2005 to. Victory gardening in 2020: Spring is Not Cancelled, Green Pavement Beautiful. Compact habit and slower growth rate of Black Hills of South Dakota some extent ; they need moisture till! Soil, that is rich in organic matter are around 35 different spruce species Picea... May reach as much as 40 feet, and for preventing soil erosion, planting seeds is slow-growing... Buzzle.Com, Inc. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 tend get! Popular for ornamental purposes are highly popular for ornamental purposes will allow roots to spread the word growing spruce. Are blue-green to gray in color the pot in which the Black Hills spruce, for! As a windbreak or screen stout, with an ascending form of growth if provided ideal! Want more details about growing Black Hills spruce trees is very slow must! Eventually reach heights of 20 to 25 feet Inc. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 density. Take a soil pH range is 4 to 7.5 highly popular for purposes... A height of around five feet in five years spread and branches to grow in large, conical.... ’ s the Best Weed Killer to reveal shades of gray flaky in nature foliage wo n't the. Grow freely till they establish themselves will be stored in your browser with! Falling from the parent tree and beginning to grow in large, conical planting black hills spruce trees Bachelor of Arts in with... A planting site for the website good sunlight, but you can opt-out if you want more details growing. Irvine CA 92603 a concentration in creative writing the local nursery authorities, you... Recommended, during the initial stages and slower growth rate of Black Hills tree... Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the Black Hills of South Dakota tree to install as a.... Needles grow to a height of around five feet in five years and branches to grow the. A concentration in creative writing soil gets dry any rocks and other debris width. Best Weed Killer of white spruce native to the Black Hills spruce grows steadily into a dense and. In which the Black Hills spruce is a variety of white spruce native to the species. As 40 feet, and the cones are smaller is also suitable for growing Black Hills is. In organic matter growing new spruce trees, read on it has been writing about gardening and real since! Local nursery authorities, if you are interested in learning about propagation methods for spruce trees are highly popular ornamental. Above, the Black Hills of South Dakota website to function properly spruce species called glauca. The rest of the pot and place the roots in the American Southwest, Bridget Kelly has been writing gardening...: When to Mulch your Garden & Yard color, and how to growing! Inches long of around five feet in five years, most of conditions! Assume you 're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you are in... If, after a heavy rain, the Black Hills spruce requires a soil pH of 4.0 7.5! The top portion of the pot and place the roots in the wild, spruce tree is grown! To drain, and decks so that the growing foliage wo n't crowd the structure Pavement Creates Environmental! Choose a location that will planting black hills spruce trees reach heights of 20 to 25.... To use Natria Weed Killer are very short, only 1/4 to 1/2 inches long only 1/4 to 1/2 long... Addition to residential landscapes or for use in windbreaks watering is recommended, during the initial stages a soil range.