Junior Women’s Singlehanded Championship, U.S. This is the horizontal pole that extends out from the mast for adjusting the direction of the sail. Boating Safety. This is the direct opposite of the Windward direction and often given as a guide when a boat is moving into the wind. Study the illustrations included to learn the terms for the primary points of sail, which is the position of the boat relative to wind direction. Learn to Sail in Two Days! The photo at left shows the top of the centerboard in the cockpit, with the board in the down position. Don't worry about memorizing everything as many of these terms and concepts will become clearer as you read on about how to do it. Power of the wind, the perfect simplicity of the sails and the … The wind will blow the boat straight back, such that the bow faces into the wind. This means they're not working efficiently to drive the boat forward and the boat will quickly slow down. As it picks up speed, however, it makes its own wind by moving forward through the air. The wind against the sails will make the boat heel or lean over, and your weight is needed on the high side to keep the boat from capsizing. If the boat is being blown sideways against the dock, it can be almost impossible to get started. "Accident Statistics." Sailing is a popular pastime and mastering the process of sailing early on could allow you to try out several different vessels like small catamarans, raising goats and even large sailing yachts. The International Sailing Federation. If you’re not paying attention and you turn the wrong way without preparing first, you could capsize the boat if it's windy. You may need to let it out quickly when you turn downwind, for example, to prevent being blown over sideways. When you are handling any of the rigging, wearing specialty gloves could help to save your hands from injury. The closer you sail toward the wind (close hauled), the more you pull in the sails. 2007. http://www.yachtingmagazine.com/article.jsp?ID=21015338. United States Olympic Committee. A sailboat cannot sail directly into the wind but can sail about 45 degrees toward it; this is called being close hauled. Email Nancy Mazzulli When the centerboard is down, it is like a keel on a large sailboat and resists this sideways motion. Some sailboats, especially larger ones, have streamers on the luff of the jib that show the airflow on both sides of the jib’s front edge. This course will cover the basics to prepare you to sail with a friend or start taking on-the-water lessons. When you are sailing downwind, however, the wind is behind more than to the side and there much less sideways push, so the centerboard is not needed. Requirements. Once the boat starts moving forward, position the tiller so that the boat is not turning to either side. "Boating Under the Influence (BUI)." Doing this could allow you to pick up some of the basics of sailing comfortably without pressure. Intro to Sailing Course in Tracys Landing, MD. There is one exception to the "let out to slow" rule: when you're sailing down wind. ABC of Sailing, part of MaxLifestyle International Inc. 2008. http://www.abc-of-sailing.com/info/safety-guidelines.asp. 401-342-7967, Nancy Mazzulli These yachts are competing in the J109 UK National Championships. This is an action in which the stern of the boat will go through the wind changing the wind from one side to the other. Until you get more experienced with knots and handling a sailing vessel, it’s a good idea to wear gloves. The rudder directs the vessel by displacing water like a paddle. One of the fundamentals of sailing is positioning the sale in the right direction as the wind so that the boat can continually go forward and harness its power. But can be one of the best ways that you will feel extremely safe out on the water. Get your team access to 5,000+ top Udemy courses anytime, anywhere. A small but manageable vessel can help you in the process of learning the basics. If they have been doused in salt water, rinse them first and let them dry. You can stop or slow a sailboat simply by releasing the sheets. Description. http://www.navcen.uscg.gov/mwv/navrules/rotr_online.htm. When the boat is sailing directly downwind, it is said to be running. The fewer folds, the less strain on the sail cloth. http://lostknowledgesite.com/BackToBasics/Knots/Knots.html. This swings the rudder out a little on the starboard (right) side. Attah, Ayesha H. "No Bananas On Board." 401-342-7961, Betsy Alison Website feedback? Pulling the jibsheet brings the jib closer to the centerline. In this case, walk the boat to the end of the dock and turn it there to face outward into the wind. A beam reach is about halfway between the two extremes. Sailing shorts are a great idea on the warmer days. Email Bradley Schoch, Peri Burns Smaller sailboats can control this rudder with a direct mechanism whereas larger sailboats have a full-sized wheel. The wind here is blowing from right to left. Rob has been teaching boating since 1975 and has developed a number of books and instructional videos over the past 3 decades. Email Betsy Alison Whenever a tack or jib occurs the boom will have to shift in order to catch the wind on the new side.