[133], Jain texts tell a very different version of the Rama legend than the Hindu texts such as by Valmiki. Though born in a royal family, their life is described in the Hindu texts as one challenged by unexpected changes such as an exile into impoverished and difficult circumstances, ethical questions and moral dilemmas. ", and then provides a spectrum of views within the framework of Indian beliefs such as on karma and dharma. According to Paula Richman, there are hundreds of versions of "the story of Rama in India, southeast Asia and beyond". [49], The stories vary in details, particularly where the moral question is clear, but the appropriate ethical response is unclear or disputed. Shri Rama was the elder son of King Dasharath of Ayodhya. The legends found about Rama, state Mallory and Adams, have "many of the elements found in the later Welsh tales such as. this is the maxim one should observe; "Rama." James G Lochtefeld (2002), The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: N-Z, Rosen Publishing. [29][33] However, there is a scholarly dispute whether the modern Ayodhya is indeed the same as the Ayodhya and Kosala mentioned in the Ramayana and other ancient Indian texts. Cartwright, Mark. He is the central figure of the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana, a text historically popular in the South Asian and Southeast Asian cultures. [86][119], The Ramlila festivities were declared by UNESCO as one of the "Intangible Cultural Heritages of Humanity" in 2008. Janaka was a devotee of Lord Shiva who had given him His bow as a gift. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. [6], Rama was born to Kaushalya and Dasharatha in Ayodhya, the ruler of the Kingdom of Kosala. The President: Make Our Votes Elect The President Of The United... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. She flees to her brother Ravana, ruler of the island kingdom of Lanka. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Rama did not stay still in the remainder of his exile but visited many sages. [124] In particular, the influence of Rama and other cultural ideas grew in Java, Bali, Malaya, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia and Laos. [1] The extant manuscripts of the text describes their education and training as young princes, but this is brief. Rama’s first adventure occurred when the sage Visvamitra asked for help in fighting a demon or raksasa. Rama ultimately reaches Lanka, fights in a war that has many ups and downs, but ultimately Rama prevails, kills Ravana and forces of evil, and rescues his wife Sita. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. The pious king was presented with a pot of nectar, and he gave half of it to Kausalya who produced half-divine Rama as a consequence. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Web. Other than the celebration of Rama's life with dance and music, Hindu temples built in southeast Asia such as the Prambanan near Yogyakarta (Java), and at the Panataran near Blitar (East Java), show extensive reliefs depicting Rama's life. [99][100][101], The chapter 4 of Vishnu Purana, chapter 112 of Padma Purana, chapter 143 of Garuda Purana and chapters 5 through 11 of Agni Purana also summarise the life story of Rama. [3][4][5] In Rama-centric traditions of Hinduism, he is considered the Supreme Being. Dasharatha remembers and agrees to do so. Hindus celebrate the story during a holiday called Diwali. of Sita, Ravana decides that he must have Sita and changes himself into in wandering holy man to find her in the forest. Rama’s father is King Dasaratha, a prince of the solar race, and his mother is Queen Kausalya. According to Sheldon Pollock, the figure of Rama incorporates more ancient "morphemes of Indian myths", such as the mythical legends of Bali and Namuci.