Der Name führt zurück auf die Tlaxcalteken, einen mexikanischen Volksstamm der Nahua-Familie, die dort angesiedelt waren. The popularity of the sport spurred a number of ranches dedicated to raising bulls including the Tepeyahualco, Piedras Negras and Mimiahuapan. [2], The former municipal palace was constructed in the middle of the 16th century as a place for the representatives of the four Tlaxcala dominions to meet. [14][15] The state comprises only 0.2% of the nation's territory, but had a population of 1,068,207 in 2005. Over 400 Tlaxcalan families would move north, but not until they negotiated and won special concessions from the Spanish. [22] Just about every municipality has colonial-era structures such as churches, municipal palaces and plazas but the best examples are in and around the city of Tlaxcala. [2], In 1692, a revolt occurred against Governor Manuel de Bustamante y Bustillo due to the scarcity of grain. [38] He particularly focused on ways that the Tlaxcalans shaped the polity's history for its own advantage, and how the four-part organization of the polity was maintained during the early colonial era. [2], After the Mexican Revolution, the city recovered and began to grow again, reaching a population of 6,000 by 1927. Other services include those related to research. It is still used as such today although the structures have been modified since then as seen in the differences in the columns and sizes of the arches. The museum contains five halls dedicated to the history of the state from the pre-Hispanic period to the 19th century and it has two halls for temporary exhibits. The interior contain a number of murals by Desiderio Hernández Xochitiotzin, which depict the history of Tlaxcala. [5], The Stairway of the Heroes was initially called the “Stairway of Independence” both of which refer to the busts of figures such as Miguel Hidalgo, Ignacio Allende, José María Morelos and Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez. The average annual high temperatures is 24.3 °C (75.7 °F) and the average low is 7.2 °C (45.0 °F). They built monasteries and churches and renamed the city of Tlaxcala “Nuestra Señora de la Asunción.”[9] The first archbishopric of New Spain was established here. [14], Tourist attractions primarily consist of pre-Hispanic archeological sites and colonial establishments with examples of both religious and civil constructions. [10] [10], The name Tlaxcala pre-dates the state by centuries; it derives from the name of the capital city, which was also used to denote the territory controlled by this city in pre-Hispanic times. The Guadalupe chapel to the side has lead figures of the Four Evangelists as well as paintings by Miguel Lucas Bedolla and Manuel Yañez. During the long weekend there are various other events such as dance contests and recitals of traditional dace such as that of the Huehues from the community of Acuitlapilco. Built during the Porfirio Díaz period, it was remodeled after the Mexican Revolution to Neoclassical from 1923 to 1945. [6] The east atrium is historically important as the site of the first evangelist plays performed in Nahuatl starting in 1537. The most likely time that the city was founded was spring of 1522. Tlaxcala , officially the Free and Sovereign State of Tlaxcala (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Tlaxcala), is one of the 32 states which comprise the Federal Entities of Mexico. Seit 1959 ist Tlaxcala Sitz eines römisch-katholischen Bistums. [39] These town council records are a type of indigenous language source used by scholars in the field known as the New Philology. More public works were undertaken to give the city the appearance it has today. The main altar is Neoclassical but with an altarpiece which is Baroque. The city hall was moved from its centuries old home in the “Casas Reales” to this complex. In 1817, the current structure was built of adobe and stone. [4][2] The main elevations in the municipality are El Cerro Ostol at 2,460 metres (8,070 feet) and El Cerro Tepepan at 2,320 metres (7,610 feet). [14][15] Most of the state is rugged terrain dominated by ridges and deep valleys, along with protruding igneous rock formations. [4] Most of these buildings are centered on the main square called the Plaza de la Constitución. It has an octagonal layout. The museum is operated by the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH) . [4][2] The main entrance is an arch supported by pilasters and flanked by columns. However, even though the Aztecs managed to build the largest empire in Mesoamerica, they never did conquer Tlaxcala. [8][14] This ruggedness, along with large-scale weather phenomena such as the Intertropical Convergence Zone, gives the state a complex climate. In 1864, the cupola and roof were destroyed by an earthquake. The current name was given in 1813 to honor the Cádiz Constitution as well as the Mexican constitutions of 1857 and 1917. A document of 1625 states that there were 300,000 in the city in the 16th century but only 700 remained by that time it was written. In fact, Tlaxcalan allegiance to the Spaniards became an enduring partnership. [5][2], The Tlaxcala Museum of Art was inaugurated in 2004, located in a building constructed in the 19th century in the historic center. When it was restored and converted to its current use, the façade and layout of the building was left intact with only minor changes. [25][26] Roots of the practice of sex trafficking date back to the 1960s. Higher education is provided by both public and prívate institutions, with the most important of these being the Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala (UAT), which also offers the widest range of majors. Organized industria areas in the state include the Malinche Corridor, the Apizaco-Xalostoc-Huamantla Corridor, the Panzacola Corridor, the “industrial cities” of Xicohténcatli I, Xicohténcatli II and Xicohténcatli III, the industrial parks of Calpulalpan, Xiloxoxtla, Ixtacuixtla, and Nanacamilpa as well as the industrial areas of Velasco and Atlangatepec.