Patrice Lumumba is best known for becoming the first prime minister of the newly independent Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1960, for being forced out of office after less than three months, and for being assassinated the following year. Patrice Lumumba’s Daughter: I’m Demanding Belgium Give Back My Father’s Remains, Get a discounted print subscription today. Fin Whale Range, In 1956 Lumumba was invited with others on a study tour of Belgium under the auspices of the minister of colonies. All trademarks and copyrights on this page are owned by their respective owners. Then the rest of his remains were burned. He was a principled man of strong character who lived and died for the values he believed in. He was a Congolese independence leader who founded the mainstream Mouvement national congolais (MNC) party and played a pivotal role in Congo’s struggle for independence from Belgium. Rumours of Lumumba’s death had circulated soon after it occurred, however. In September, the President dismissed Lumumba from the government which led to Lumumba protesting in retaliation. Can the return of your father’s remains help further reflection about the past? This led some sections of the army to rebel and the rebellions quickly spread throughout the country, leading to a general breakdown in law and order. The couple went on to have five children, the youngest of whom was born six months after Patrice Lumumba‘s death. According to a generally accepted version of the story, Lumumba managed to escape from imprisonment, but he was soon caught and shot by the Katangians. What we know is what we heard a policeman say in front of a camera in a documentary. On September 7 and 8, the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate respectively annulled the decision on the resignation of Patrice Lumumba. That way, the past can influence the present of both countries. Although she praises the court’s ruling as a “victory”, Lumumba’s daughter. In an open letter, his daughter demands that the Belgian state return them to his homeland. Moscow sent a delegation of advisers to the Congolese prime minister to assist in the fight against the rebel forces Tshombe. However, according to a number of Belgian publications, in particular, Le Soir, about ten people took part in organizing the killing of the Congolese liberator. Submissions for the Lumumba Prize will open on January 17, 2018. The Congo, furthermore, was a key area in terms of the geopolitics of Africa, and because of its wealth, size, and proximity to white-dominated southern Africa, Lumumba’s opponents had reason to fear the consequences of a radical or radicalized Congo regime. Patrice Lumumba was an African nationalist leader who briefly served as the first prime minister of the newly independent Democratic Republic of the Congo (June–September 1960) before being forced out of office during a political crisis; he was assassinated in early 1961. Lumumba was thereupon released from prison and flown to Brussels. The official date of death of Patrice Lumumba was January 17, 1961. He started writing articles for journals during his student days and developed an interest in political activism. After his government was deposed in a coup during the Congo Crisis, Lumumba along with a few other ministers from his newly formed independent government were arrested and tortured under the command of Katangan authorities. The story of Lumumba and a number of his supporters ended in a remote area of the hostile province of Katanga. When Belgium’s federal prosecutor says that court proceedings are under way and that he is ready to follow through with the investigation, that’s a positive sign. Finally he accepted a consignment of Soviet transport planes, military trucks and, it was suspected, guns. He became more involved in politics upon his release and in 1958 he played a key role in the founding of the broad-based Mouvement national congolais (MNC). They will be exposed to leading experts on the life and times of Patrice Lumumba. However, the most important conclusion of the Belgian commission was that the plan of reprisals against the disgraced politician was prepared at the highest levels of power, even the Belgian king knew about the preparation of the murder. The MNC won the national elections held in May 1960 and thus the right to form a government. The scholars will in turn go into local communities throughout the Congo to screen films and teach children about the legacy of Lumumba and the responsibility of each generation to fulfill his legacy of a free, independent and self-determined Congo and Africa. On October 30 there was a clash in Stanleyville that resulted in 30 deaths. Born into the family of a farmer in Belgian Congo, he was a member of the small Batetela ethnic group. He was on a study tour to Belgium in 1955 when he was arrested on charges of embezzlement and sentenced to two years in prison. The story of Lumumba and a number of his supporters ended in a remote area of the hostile province of Katanga. Twitter Circle Of Friends, In the country's first elections in May 1960, the Congo National Movement party, headed by Patrice Lumumba, won 40 seats out of 137. At the end of the investigation into the death of Lumumba, the Belgian authorities made official apologies to the widow and three sons of the Congolese politician, as well as to the relatives and friends of his associates, Okito and Mpolo. Lumumba had excellent chances of starting a career in the Belgian Ministry of Colonies. Lumumba became regional head of the Cercles of Stanleyville and joined the Liberal Party of Belgium in 1955. His moves alarmed many, particularly the Western powers and the supporters of President Kasavubu, who pursued a moderate course in the coalition government and favoured some local autonomy in the provinces. I can’t say exactly if there has been any real headway. Forced out of office during a political crisis, he was assassinated a short time later. The appropriate claim was filed in one of the Belgian courts by the relatives of the fighter for the independence of the former Belgian Congo, in particular, argue that Brussels strongly contributed to the pro-Western forces in the African country who had attacked Lumumba and even allocated 250 million Belgian francs (about six million euros) to get Lumumba killed. The conference agreed on a date for independence, June 30, with national elections in May. It’s also a collective duty. Only in 2002, after the completion of the work of a special commission, the authorities of the former colonial power admitted to preliminary preparations how Patrice Lumumba died. His father was a farmer. He had three brothers and one half-brother. The young republic was on the verge of civil war. Sphinx And The Cursed Mummy Remake, According to a generally accepted version of the story, Lumumba managed to escape from imprisonment, but he was soon caught and shot by the Katangians. Lumumba was born in the village of Onalua in Kasai province, Belgian Congo. Sixty years after the unspeakable murder, we believe the time for persecution and punishment of Lumumba’s remains has passed, and the time has come for justice. However, he was caught by Mobutu’s forces and arrested on December 2. Finally learning the truth about what happened is a legitimate right. Joseph Mobutu, the later dictator of the Congo, was one of Lumumba's captors. After his government was deposed in a coup during the Congo Crisis, Lumumba along with a few other ministers from his newly formed independent government were arrested and tortured under the command of Katangan authorities. ", Govt foots medical bills of Akim Batabi disaster victims As a result, on September 5, 1960, President Joseph Kasavubu removed the prime minister from his post and put him under house arrest. [2] The World Socialist Website indicates he signed a complaint regarding the elections, claiming voter bribery and excess ballot sheets. After school, Lumumba graduated from the postal service and worked for some time at the post office, and then one of the Belgian industrial companies hired him.